Four million Ethiopians are living with depression that put the country second next to Nigeria, a data from World Health Organization (WHO) indicates.
A data released in 2015 indicated that 48 million Nigerian are the victims of depression.
The theme for WHO’s World Health Day on April 7, 2017 is “Depression: let’s talk”. According to the latest WHO’s estimates, 322 million people are living with depression worldwide, with the numbers increasing from by more than 18 percent between 2005 and 2015. Close to one in 20 people (4.4 percent) are affected, with depression being more common among women (5.1percent) than men (3.6 percent).
Dr. Dawit Assefa, General Manager of the Amanuel Specialized Hospital and a Psychiatrist by profession told Sheger FM that depression is a continuous loss of happiness feelings.
Especially when long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may become a serious health condition. It can cause the affected person to suffer greatly and function poorly at work, at school and in the family and social life, according to Dr. Dawit.
At its worst, depression can lead to suicide. Close to 800, 000 people die due to suicide every year. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29-year-olds.The last stage of depression is committing suicidal, according to Dr. Dawit
The number of people living with depression in Ethiopia shows how much little attention and medication have been implemented in Ethiopia, said Dawit.
Although there are known, effective treatments for depression, fewer than half of those affected in the world (in many countries, fewer than 10 percent) receive such treatments.
Barriers to effective care include a lack of resources, lack of trained health-care providers, and social stigma associated with mental disorders. Another barrier to effective care is inaccurate assessment. In countries of all income levels, people who are depressed are often not correctly diagnosed, and others who do not have the disorder are too often misdiagnosed and prescribed antidepressants, sates the WHO.
A temporary depression could be treated by some way of entertainments like walking and seeing movies.
Dawit advises a person suffers from continuous depression should immediately go to doctors before it reaches to its worst stage.
Depression is a common mental disorder, characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, feelings of tiredness, and poor concentration, according to the WHO.
Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide, and is a major contributor to the overall global burden of disease.